A kidney stone is a solid, pebble like piece of material that can form in one or both of your kidneys, when high levels of certain minerals are in your urine. Kidney stones rarely cause permanent damage if treated by a health care professional. The scientific name for a kidney stone is renal calculus or nephrolith.
Kidney stones vary in size and shape. They may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pea. Rarely, some kidney stones are as big as golf balls. Kidney stones maybe smooth or jagged and are usually yellow or brown.
A small kidney stone may pass through your urinary tract on it's own, causing little or no pain. A large kidney stone that gets stuck can block your flow of urine, causing severe pain or bleeding.
If you have symptoms of kidney stones, including severe pain or bleeding seek care right away.
Types of kidney stones-
1. Calcium stones- calcium oxalate stones and calcium Phosphate stones are the most common types of kidney stones.
Calcium from food does not increase your chances of having calcium oxalate stones. Normally, extra calcium that isn't used by your bones and muscles goes to your kidneys and flushed out with urine. When this doesn't happen, the calcium stays in the kidneys and joins with the other waste products to form a kidney stone.
2. Uric acid stones- a uric acid stone may form when your urine contains too much acid. Eating a lot of fish, shellfish and meat especially organ meat, may increase uric acid in urine.
3. Struvite stones- struvite stones may form after you have a UTI.
4. Cystine stones- cystine stones result from a disorder called cystinuria that us passed down through families. Cystinuria causes the amino acid cystine to leak through your kidneys and into the urine.
Certain conditions that are more likely to develop kidney stones-
1. A blockage of the urinary tract
2. Chronic or long lasting inflammation of the bowel
3. Cystic kidney diseases- that cause fluid filled sacs to form on the kidneys.
5. Digestive problems or a history of gastrointestinal tract surgery
6. Gout- causes painful swelling of the joints
7. Hypercalciuria- a condition that runs in families in which urine contains unusually large amount of calcium
8. Hyperoxaluria- a condition in which urine contains large amount of oxalate.
9. Hyperparathyroidism- a condition I which the parathyroid glands release too much parathyroid hormone, causing extra calcium in the blood.
10. Hyperuricosuria- a disorder on which too much uric acid is in the urine
12. Repeated or recurrent UTIs
13. Renal tubular acidosis- when kidneys fail to remove acid into the urine, which causes a person's blood to remain too acidic
14. People who take certain medications are likely to develop kidney stones.
1. Hematuria or blood in the urine
2. Urinating more often than usual
3. UTIs including kidney infections
4. Urinating small amounts of urine
5. Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
6. Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin
7. Pain on urination
8. Pink, red or brown urine
9. Cloudy or foul- smelling urine
10. Nausea and vomiting
Kidney stones can be effectively treated with alternative medicine too. Homeopathic treatment is extremely effective in flushing out kidney stones. Whether small or big. Homeopathy has different types of medicines to flush out or dissolve the stones from their roots in three or four weeks without any surgery. Homeopathy not only helps to flush out the stones but also alleviates the pain. The medicines can also prevent the recurrence of kidney stones. Dr. Sonali's Homeopathy centre offers the most effective homeopathic medicines for kidney stone treatment. Visit Dr. Sonali's Homeopathy centre for consultation. Online consultation available.
Dr. Sonali Bhangale